My practice, uncannily, still leaves me a great deal of free time. The whole thing is all the more valuable for my purposes,
since I have succeeded in finding a few real points of reference for the story. I asked my mother whether she still remembered the nurse. "Of course," she
said, "an elderly person, very clever, she was always carrying you off to some church; when you returned home you preached and told us all about God
Almighty. During my confinement with Anna (two and a half years younger), it was discovered that she was a thief, and all the shiny new kreuzers and zehners and all
the toys that had been given to you were found in her possesion. Your brother Philipp himself fetched the policeman; she then was given ten months in prison."
Now look at how this confirms the conclusions of my dream interpretation. It was easy for me to explain the only possible mistake. I wrote to you that she induced
me to steal zehners and give them to her. In truth, the dream meant that she stole them herself. For the dream picture was a memory of my taking money from the
mother of a doctor - that is, wrongfully. The correct interpretation is: I = she, and the mother of the doctor equals my mother. So far was I from knowing she was a
thief that I made a wrong interpretation.
I also inquired about the doctor we had had in Freiberg because one dream concentrated a good deal of
resentment on him. In the analysis of the dream figure behind which he was concealed, I also thought of a Professor von Kraus, my history teacher in high school.
He did not seem to fit in at all, because my relationship with him was indifferent or even comfortable. My mother then told me that the doctor in my childhood
had only one eye, and of all my teachers Professor Kraus was the only one with the same defect (1): The conclusive force of these coincidences might be
weakened by the objection that on some occasion in my later childhood, I had heard that the nurse was a thief and then apparently had forgotten it until it finally
emerged in the dream. I myself believe that that is so. But I have another, entirely irrefutable and amusing proof. I said to myself that if the old woman disappeared
from my life so suddenly, it must be possible to demonstrate the impression this made on me. Where is it then? Thereupon a scene occurred to me which in the
course of twenty-five years has occasionally emerged in my conscious memory without my understanding it. My mother was nowhere to be found; I was crying in
despair. My brother Philipp (twenty years older than I) unlocked a wardrobe [Kasten) (2) for me, knowing that my mother was not in it and that thereby he could not
calm me down? Now I suddenly understand it. I had asked him to do it. When I missed my mother, I was afraid she had vanished from me, just as the old woman
had a short time before. So I must have heard that the old woman had been locked up and therefore must have believed that my mother had been locked up too - or rather, had been "boxed up" [
eingekastelt] - for my brother Philipp, who is now sixty-three years old, to this very day is still fond of using such puns. The fact that I turned to him in particular proves that I was well aware
of his share in the disappearance of the nurse.(3)
Since then I have got much further, but have not yet reached any real point of rest. It is so difficult and would
carry us so far afield to communicate what I have not yet finished that I hope you will excuse me from it and content yourself with the knowledge of those elements
that are certain. If the analysis fulfills what I expect of it, I shall work on it systematically and then put it before you. So far I have found nothing completely new, [just]
all the complications to which I have become accustomed. It is by no means easy. Being totally honest with oneself is a good exercise. A single idea of general
value dawned on me. I have found, in my own case too, [the phenomenon of] being in love with my mother and jealous of my father, and I now consider it a universal
event in early childhood, even if not so early as in children who have been made hysterical. (Similar to the invention of parentage [family romance] in
paranoia--heroes, founders of religion). If this is so, we can understand the gripping power of Oedipus Rex, in spite of all the objections that reason raises against the
presupposition of fate; and we can understand why the later "drama of fate" was bound to fail so miserably. Our feelings rise against any arbitrary individual
compulsion, such as is presupposed in Die Ahnfrau (4) and the like; but the Greek legend seizes upon a compulsion which everyone recognizes because he
senses its existence within himself. Everyone in the audience was once a budding Oedipus in fantasy and each recoils in horror from the dream fulfillment here
transplanted into reality, with the full quantity of repression which separates his infantile state from his present one.
Fleetingly the thought passed through my head that the
same thing might be at the bottom of Hamlet as well. I am not thinking of Shakespeare's conscious intention, but believe, rather, that a real event stimulated the poet
to his representation, in that his unconscious understood the unconscious of his hero. How does Hamlet the hysteric justify his words, "Thus conscience does make
cowards of us all"? How does he explain his irresolution in avenging his father by the murder of his uncle--the same man who sends his courtiers to their death without
a scruple and who is positively precipitate in murdering Laertes?(5) How better than through the torment he suffers from the obscure memory that he himself had
contemplated the same deed against his father out of passion for his mother, and - "use every man after his desert, and who should 'scape whipping?" His
conscience is his unconscious sense of guilt. And is not his sexual alienation in his conversation with Ophelia typically hysterical? And his rejection of the instinct that
seeks to beget children? And, finally, his transferral of the deed from his own father to Ophelia's? And does he not in the end, in the same marvelous way as my
hysterical patients, bring down punishment on himself by suffering the same fate as his father of being poisoned by the same rival?
I have kept my interest focused so exclusively on the
analysis that I have not yet even attempted to try out, instead of my hypothesis that in every instance repression starts from the feminine aspect and is directed
against the male one, the opposite hypothesis proposed by you. I shall, however, tackle it sometime. Unfortunately I barely participate in your work and
progress. In this one respect I am better of than you are. What I can tell you about mental frontiers  of this world finds in you an understanding critic, and what you
can tell me about its celestial frontiers  evokes only unproductive amazement in me.
With cordial greetings to you, your dear wife, and my new nephew, Your Sigm.(6)
Strachey: The episode of the one-eyed doctor is mentioned in The Interpretation of Dreams (1900), Standard Edition, 4, 17; and in Lecture XIII of the
Introductory Lectures (1916-17), ibid., 16, 201. [cf. Harris & Harris]
Kasten (box) in Austria is equivalent to Schrank and
means a wardrobe or closet. The same story occurs in the Psychopathology of Everyday Life.
[Strachey: The story of the screen memory about the
cupboard was included at greater length in Chapter IV of The Psychopathology of Everyday Life (1901), SE, 6, 49-51. In a footnote added to that passage in 1924 Freud
pointed out the womb-symbolism of the cupboard, and pursued the whole analysis further.]
Die Ahnfrau was F. Grillparzer's first published play
(1817). It concerns brother-sister incest and parricide.
Actually, Hamlet murders Polonius, not Laertes.
Freud is, to say the least, fascinated with the problem
of understanding other people's "passions," and we can hardly expect him to have been immune to the connotations of such interest alleged to be universal.
Indeed, the major preoccupations of Freud's life (and hence the most over-determined sublimations) are directly indicative of this obsessively pursued interest:
the problem of screen memories, and the origins of gender.