Born in the middle of the period when her father developed psychoanalysis, Anna Freud (1895-1982) devoted her life to her father and
then to the continuation of his work. After training as a primary teacher, Anna Freud turned to the practice of psychoanalysis. First analyzed by her father, she became an analyst
in 1922 and devoted herself to the treatment of children according to an educational and moralizing method elaborated by Hermine von Hugh Hellmuth.
The first text published by Anna Freud was a radical critique
of the ideas of Melanie Klein, who at that time was elaborating her technique of analyzing children according to the model of adult analysis, using children's games in place of
adult associations. This text was the first in a long series of confrontations between these two women. It should be noted that Anna Freud has considerably relaxed her positions later
on regarding the technique of analysis of children.
Anna Freud left a considerable work whose strong moments were probably Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense (1936); and
Normality and Pathology in Childhood: Assessments of Development (1965).
She was the inspirer of the Hampsted Clinic group in London, which has produced much work on child development. On the
organizational level, Anna Freud played a major role in the development of the International Psycho-Analytic Association and even in the famous secret committee set up following the defection of Jung and a few others.
Copyright René DesGroseillers