History and the Development
Thousands of pages have been written about the
history of psychoanalysis. Among the most influential pages, we may mention those signed by Ernest Jones, the author of one Sigmund Freud biography, and Fritz Wittels.
Freud himself wrote essential things about the history of psychoanalysis several times. His work entitled An Autobiographical Study (
The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, volume 20, ed. by James Strachey et al. The Hogart Press and the Institute of Psychoanalysis, London 1953-74), and other essays ordered by encyclopedias and editors provide the most authorized framework for placing psychoanalysis in a scientific, social and cultural context.
What should a history of psychoanalysis include then?
I think that, in the first place, it should make reference to the main moments
of the emergence, development and assertion of psychoanalysis, its first intuitions and discoveries, what their evolution was, meetings worth remembering, failures and other such events making the intimate structure
of the psychoanalytical movement.
For instance, the discovery of cathartic therapy that psychoanalysis is based on, or the case of Anna O. The first Congress of Psychoanalysis, the
Wednesday meetings and the Secret Committee especially created for the purpose of protecting psychoanalysis from malignant influences. The
first cooperations and most significant breaks, dissidences. All these and a lot more make the basic elements of Freudian psychoanalytic movement.
The pages dedicated to the psychoanalytic movement will be an attempt at briefly covering these stages. AROPA